Caves and Karst
Caves and Karst of the Canadian Rockies
Limestone, dolomite, marble and gypsum are types of bedrock that are slightly water-soluble. Landscapes that have water-soluble bedrock will, given enough time and the right conditions, look quite different as rock is dissolved away. These are called karst landscapes and include distinctive surface features as well as underground caves and watercourses.
Limestone abounds in the Canadian Rockies, which is good news for both cavers and karst geologists and hydrologists.
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